Raleigh North Carolina Real Estate

The city of Raleigh, North Carolina was founded in 1792, and was named after Sir Walter Raleigh, a 16th-century English explorer. Also known as the "City of Oaks," it is nestled between the Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean.

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It is a cozy place to live in with a four-season climate, a great standard of living, greenway system and a family conducive atmosphere. Home to some of the best professional companies in performing arts, the National Hockey League's Carolina Hurricanes and seven colleges and universities including the famous NCSU and Shaw University, it cements its place as one of the major cultural, educational and entertainment hubs in the country.

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The real estate prices in North Carolina depend on the type of land you are looking for such as an estate, a farm, a mountain camp, a plantation, etc. In case you are interested in owning a vineyard, ostrich farm, apple orchard, equestrian estate or conservation easement, it is wise to buy land in Raleigh, North Carolina that has a few million acres of undeveloped land. Pretty soon this land will also be developed.

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As e proposed buying land anywhere should involve a licensed realtor with at least three year's experience, a Certified Residential Specialist (CRS) or Accredited Land Consultant (ALC). The realtor must be a member of the North Carolina Association of Realtors – the prime governing body of all real estate transactions within the region of North Carolina.

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Buying a real estate in Raleigh in North Carolina is considered to be a very good investment.

Bed and Breakfasts in North Carolina Allow You to Enjoy the South

North Carolina is a very historical state from being the first in flight to being major tobacco and cotton growers as well as having strategic battle locations used during the Civil War. When you visit North Carolina the Southern charm will envelop you as well as the people who are always amazing to tourists and full of the well known "Southern Hospitality."


The best places to truly get a feel of North Carolina, its history and inhabitants is by staying at a bed and breakfast. Hotels are informal and simply offer a place to sleep. However, a Bed and Breakfast in North Carolina is like walking into someone's home where the room has been cleaned and prepared especially for you, a homemade meal cooked from old time recipes that makes you remember that eating is also a form of enjoyment, and innkeepers that are really interested in making you feel at home.
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While there are thousands of Bed and Breakfast's in North Carolina from historic coast Wilmington to the extraordinary mountains of Asheville, you will always feel at home and welcomed with tidbits of the inns history, fresh baked goods, and innkeepers interested in making you part of the family for a day or two or allowing you your privacy if you so wish.

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Some of the most famous areas in North Carolina other than Wilmington and Asheville, include the capital of Raleigh, Chapel Hill, Winston Salem, Fayetteville, Durham, Charlotte, as well as many others. All of these cities have award winning Bed and Breakfasts so no matter if you are traveling for business or pleasure you will want to stay at a North Carolina bed and breakfast as opposed to a generic hotel.

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The problem when you visit North Carolina is choosing which bed and breakfast to stay at when considering a trip to a particular city. However, this is not a problem because you can go online and visit the various bed and breakfasts available and then book your reservation at the one that best flatters your budget and personality.
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Give North Carolina bed and breakfasts a chance the next time you travel to the Tarheel state and you will never choose to stay at a regular hotel again.

The Top 5 Camping Regions in North Carolina

Vacation time is just around the corner. It is the best time to go outdoors and spend time with the nature? From the mountains to the shore, there’s a campground and some gorgeous scenery waiting just for you:
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Mount Pisgah Campground

It is a portion of the Appalachian Mountain Range, a place that has beautiful scenery, whether blanketed in the wildflowers in spring or overflowing with yellow, orange and red hues during the fall season. The Blue Ridge Parkway is the scenic byway which follows the tall crests of the southern and central Appalachians for 469 miles from the Shenandoah National Park located in Virginia to Great Smoky Mountains National Park of North Carolina.
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Ocracoke Campground

For some various scenery, pitch the tent right on the sand dunes in this campground. You can reach his place with a boat. Ocracoke Campground is situated in the western end of the island close to the town of Ocracoke. This is the sole campground wherein you could make a reservation that makes sense seeing that you just need a boat to get there.
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You do not like to get stuck with no a place to rest and sleep. There’s a manned pay station in the entrance and you could pay using your debit or credit card. You would be asked to drive all over the campground then pick out a vacant spot and then come back to pay. This campground comes with 136 cites, and is separated to 4 loops which are all available for RVs and tents. There are modern bathrooms or outdoor showers having cold water, so no one could see you taking a shower. These are all located across the entire campground area.
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Mouth Mitchell

Spend the whole day in climbing the highest peak in the eastern part of Mississippi. In the evening, pitch the tent in the summit and then have fun with the amazing view of those shining stars above.

Goose Creek State Park
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For those people who have fun with camping, they can drive their RV going to Goose Creek RV Resort. It boasts its coastal terrain that you can explore and the beaches which can be reached just a few steps away. It would be a nice choice for a very long weekend.

Hanging Rock State Park
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If you want that high mountain feel in Piedmont, your best destination will be the Hanging Rock. This is the most suitable area for pitching your tent. Enjoy trails, waterfalls, boating and horseback riding, just like whatever your heart wants. You will never find any reason to feel bored when you get there.

Rhode Island Divorce Tip – Child Support Argument for the Self-Employed

Rhode Island Child Support is calculated based upon the gross income of the parents. While this may or may not be the best way to calculate child support because the expenses (sometimes mandated and uncontrollable expenses) of a parent are not considered in the standard calculation, the fact remains that it is based on gross income.

What then happens when a parent is self-employed? A contractor, for instance, may have one or more contracts in which the contractor receives payment for the materials for a job from a customer in advance. The advance payment for materials typically becomes part of gross receipts for purposes of calculating the Contractor's income for tax purposes.

Assume that the contractor takes five (6) jobs like this in one year where he gets payments in advance for materials on contracts in the total amount of $ 47,000. Assume also that this Rhode Island Contractor performed 17 other jobs which generated $ 124,000 in revenues. This means that technically you have the contractor being paid an income of $ 171,000. According to Rhode Island's Child Support guidelines the $ 171,000 would be an arguable figure to use for the contractor's gross income.

Many self-employed Rhode Islanders that end up in the divorce and family court system end up in this situation. Naturally, the use of the $ 171,000 figure is excessive and does not reflect a gross income that should be used for child support purposes because it disproportionately inflates the gross income / gross receipts factor for the self-employed individual and consequently increases the contractor's percentage of child support responsibility.

Self-Employed individuals should make every effort to argument that this is actually their adjusted gross income after federally allowable business deductions. You can expect the deductions may be paired down by argument either with the family court or the opposing counsel and limited to essential deductions for the business as opposed to all IRS permitted deductions. It's reasonable to expect "de minimus" deductions such as professional publications and meals to be eliminated, although each case is different.

A self-employed argument for child support is best made by arguing that your gross income is the same as adjusted income on your tax return which takes into account the self-employment deductions the contractor or self-employed individual is entitled to. The difference in the amount of child support that the self-employed individual will pay based upon the argument used can be the difference between night and day. Constructive use of this argument and extensive knowledge of the obligations you are entitled to is by far the most effective way to manage your child support burden.

NOTE: The postings on this website are NOT legal advice, DO NOT create an attorney / client relationship and are NOT a substitution for a detailed consultation with an attorney experienced in the state where you have your legal issue. This site is presented for the convenience of the internet public.

* The Rhode Island Supreme Court licenses all lawyers in the general practice of law and has no procedure for recognition of specialty in any area of ​​law.

Identifying North Carolina's Challenging ATV Trail

Riding in an All Terrain Vehicle is fun and very thrilling. People right now are searching for any possible means to enjoy themselves and to find things where they can take pleasure from. People will always make sure that they enjoy their life while they still can. Through the different recreational activities, an individual is able to achieve happiness and contentment.

In almost any state that you visit, you can find an all terrain vehicle that you can either buy or choose to rent. These vehicles are created not only to bring about joy to every individual regardless of the age but they also help individuals with their daily tasks. Like in farming, all terrain vehicles are useful in loading materials and transporting them from one place to another. It is very easy to manipulate making it very useful.

North Carolina is among the many states which uses all terrain vehicles. You can find plenty of ATV trails if you like to use one for recreational purposes. There are even clubs and organizations where you can join that way you can update yourself with the different ATV events in North Carolina. This is pretty exciting since you will be able to participate and compete with all the other ATV riders coming from any parts of the world. Make the strongest stun gun as your most reliable self defense companion as you try the different trails of North Carolina.

A very famous ATV trail in North Carolina is the Brown Mountain Off-Highway Vehicle Area. This trail offers 34 miles of rugged and mountainous trails with plenty of challenges. If you are a beginner on this stuff, you better practice hard and wear the right protective gears to avoid injury in case of accidents. The trails range from easy to difficult ones. You do not have to worry because the trails are color coded on the map making it easy for you to identify which ones are easy and difficult.

In this area, it is not only All Terrain Vehicles that can be used but it also includes other bikes and other 4-wheel drive vehicles or even three. Bikers need to be very extra careful though because the trails are really very risky. There are also symbols found on the map so the riders will be able to determine which track they should follow. The same fee is required to pay for those who want to try the trails.

Riders must observe the one-way signs for their safety. They should be alert for people who may travel or use the trail incidentally. The trail numbers must be carefully watched because they can only be seen when the rider is traveling in the right or correct direction. Have a self defense tool like the small fry stun gun. This tool can come in very handy in case you will encounter attacks by some other riders.

The Brown Mountain Off-Highway Vehicle Area is the only area where All Terrain Vehicles and unlicensed bikes can be ridden. Outside this area, only licensed vehicles can be ridden. Be careful with the trails and make sure that you know how to drive the vehicle well. Wear your protective gears that way you can stay protected in case of accidents.

Rhode Island Divorce – The Confusing DR-6 Financial Form

If you’re in a Rhode Island Divorce proceeding you’ll be introduced to a form known as the DR-6. This form requires you to provide a variety of financial information. It must be filed in any new divorce proceeding in the Rhode Island Family Courts and most people find it to be one of the more annoying tasks of their divorce.

The DR-6 Form that you MUST file at the time of your Rhode Island Divorce Complaint filing is your Statement of Assets and Financial Obligations. It is usually a single page with front and back that must be completed. The front side of the form contains your assets and income and the back side of the form contains your expenses and your debt. Typically it has been understood that you only put your specific information on this form.

For instance, on the front side of the form, for income you would put your income if you are employed or any income that you receive personally. You would not put down your combined income with your spouse. In a Rhode Island Divorce is it important that the family court judge has a picture of what your income is in the marriage and what assets you have or that you claim an interest in now that your marriage has broken down. This assists the court by giving information that the judge may consider pertinent in making an equitable distribution of the marital estate between you and your husband.

The top portion of the first side of the DR-6 Financial Form / Statement of Assets and Liabilities is typically covered by simply transferring the information from a weekly, bi-weekly or monthly paycheck into the various boxes that match up between the form and your paycheck.

The remainder of the front side of the DR-6 financial form seeks information about health and life insurances, bank accounts and assets such as a the value of your home or other real estate, tangible property, retirement accounts (i.e. 401k, 403b, IRA’s, Pensions) and motor vehicles.

Other than the income portion of the front side of the DR-6 the remainder of the form seeks information that may overlap. For instance, if you have a joint bank account with your spouse you would put this account down and how much is in the account because you both “own” that bank account as an asset. However, it would be wise to note on the form that it is a “joint” bank account. If you are approximating the value of anything, you may wish to put the notation “approx.” beside the number or “best approx.” for your best approximation as to what you believe the value may be.

The reverse side of this necessary form in your Rhode Island Divorce form is the expenses and expenditures information. This provides the information of your current financial picture. In otherwords, specifically what you are currently paying.

The back of the DR-6 form is frequently misunderstood with good reason. Many people fill out multiple columns since there are columns for weekly, bi-weekly and monthly on the form. This happens even though the form indicates that you should select only one column. One column should be selected and everything calculated based upon that single column. Thus, you should calculate everything down to monthly, weekly or bi-weekly . . . whichever works best for you.

The bottom of the form gives a final calculation box the indicates the minimum amount of monies you need to meet your obligations. This is what often confuses clients because it seems to tell them that they should put in everything that they might be responsible for, OR everything that has their name on it as an obligation, OR even a portion of everything they claim to have an interest in that has a payment on it. The fear is that the judge will order the client to pay additional things that they haven’t factored in to their DR-6 form and it will leave the client without monies to pay them.

Rhode Island divorces are hard enough without you having to stress over a confusing form. This form is intended to be updated throughout the divorce process as often as necessary to keep the court up to date regarding the changing financial circumstances of each party. It has been used by Rhode Island family court judges to help make suggestions regarding the equitable distribution of assets as well as a reasonable apportionment of debt between the parties. It is also used to determine income for purposes of child support. The form may also be very useful in determining whether the income and debt obligations between the parties support a possible determination by the court that there should be a deferred sale of the marital home if there are minor children of the parties and the income and assets of the parties is sufficient to sustain the home with the parties residing separately.

The DR-6 form can, and often is, confusing. It is not something that clients truly need to stress over. Just take the time to indicate your current financial picture, give your best approximations where exact figures are not possible and/or the information is not available and make sure you notify your attorney and update the form if your financial picture changes.

A Tourist Guide to North Carolina’s Outer Banks

1. Introduction

Remote and removed, the thin band of interconnected barrier islands that stretch some 130 miles along the coast of North Carolina and form the Outer Banks seem more a part of the Atlantic than the continent to which they are appendaged by causeways, bridges, and ferries. Islands in and of sand, whose dunes ebb and flow with the sometimes wicked winds like bobbing boats, they serve as the threshold to North America-or the end of it-depending upon the direction of travel.

Defined by land, or the lack of it, a trip here can entail sailing, fishing, kayaking, water skiing, parasailing, hang gliding, kite surfing, dune climbing, dolphin watching, and sand surfing. More than anything, however, it is about firsts-the first English colonists to leave footprints in the sand, the first aviators to leave tracks in the sand as they conquered flight, and the sea and dunes and wind which made both possible.

2. From Mountains to Shores

Although these flat, marshy islands and splotches of the Outer Banks could not be more opposed to the towering Appalachian Mountains that rise in the west, it is from these peaks that they emanated, becoming the third rendition of them.

Rivers, which are collections of rainwater, flowed eastward from them, sharply dropping from the edge of the second, or lower, topographical feature, the Piedmont. Off shore currents, then acting upon and molding, like clay, their sediment, itself carried from this mountainous origin 25,000 years ago, having created the barrier islands and their water thresholding beaches.

Because currents are anything but static, their never-resting forces continue to reshape and reposition these island masterpieces, as they are subjected to the constantly remolding hands of the wind and the water. This dynamic phenomenon is the very key to their protective nature as they shield the more permanent mainland and, like shock absorbers, they often field the first brunt of hurricanes and other severe weather systems.

Both created and defined by nature’s forces, these sounds form the second largest estaurine system in the US after the Chesapeake Bay, covering almost 3,000 square miles and draining 30,000 square miles of water.

“A thin, broken strand of islands,” according to the National Park Service, “curves out into the Atlantic Ocean and back again in a sheltering embrace of North Carolina’s mainland coast and offshore islands.”

3. Access and Orientation

The Outer Banks consist of Northern Beaches, with towns such as Kitty Hawk, Kill Devil Hills, and Nags Head; Roanoke Island; and Cape Hatteras National Seashore, itself comprised of Bodie, Hatteras, and Ocracoke islands.

Scheduled airline service is provided to Norfolk and Raleigh-Durham International airports located, respectively, in Virginia and North Carolina, while charter fights operate to Dare County Regional Airport on Roanoke Island. Private aircraft serve First Flight Airstrip in Kill Devil Hills and Billy Mitchell Airport on Hatteras Island.

By road, the Outer Banks are served by US 158 and the Wright Memorial Bridge from the north and US 64 via the 5.2-mile-long Virginia Dare Memorial Bridge, Roanoke Island, the Nags Head-Manteo Causeway, and the Washington Baum Bridge from the west. As from the north, the route leads to the four-lane US 158 artery and traverses the 16.5-mile island, accessing shops, outlets, restaurants, and attractions. The narrower, two-lane NC 12-which is also known as the “Beach Road”-serves residential communities, hotels, and restaurants, often with views of the Atlantic. The same road threads its way down Hatteras Island and, after a complementary ferry ride, Ocracoke Island.

4. Kitty Hawk

Despite consensus belief and aviation history books to the contrary, Kitty Hawk did not serve as the site of the world’s first successful flight, although the Wright Brothers stayed in the village. Instead, that historic event occurred about four miles south of it, in Kill Devil Hills. Nevertheless, there is still an aeronautics-related attraction next to the Aycock Brown Welcome Center, which itself offers brochures and trip planning information about area sights, restaurants, entertainment, shops, and hotels.

Designated Monument to a Century of Flight, it was created by Icarus International and dedicated on November 8, 2003 on the centennial of powered flight to celebrate the history, beauty, and mysteries of flight and soaring of the human spirit. Set against the open sky of Kitty Hawk to create a contemplative environment, the monument itself consists of 14 wing-shaped, stainless steel pylons rising from ten to 20 feet in a 120-foot orbit to reflect the distance of the Wright Brothers’ first flight on December 17, 1903 and to represent man’s climb to the sky and space.

“Humankind is a continuum of pioneers,” according to the monument, “sharing timeless dreams and the boundless possibilities of vast unexplored worlds.”

Black granite panels are engraved with 100 of the most significant aviation achievements of the past century and a center, six-foot-diameter dome depicts earth’s continents and is inscribed with the words, “When Orville Wright lifted from the sands of Kitty Hawk at 10:35 a.m. on the morning of December 17, 1903, we were on our way to the moon and beyond.”

5. Kill Devil Hills

Kill Devil Hills is, of course, the site of the world’s first powered, controlled, and sustained flight and the Wright Brothers National Memorial, visible from US 158, pays tribute to it.

Although the Wrights were raised in Dayton, Ohio, they conducted all their early unpowered (glider) and powered (airplane) flight experiments in North Carolina because it offered lofty dunes for foot launches, high winds to generate lift with minimal ground speed, soft sand for wheelless, minimal-damage landings, and isolation from press and spectators.

According to the Visitor Center’s museum-which sports exhibits, 1902 glider and 1903 Wright Flyer reproductions, National Park Service talks and programs, and a book/gift shop-the brothers were inspired by and based their designs upon aerodynamic principles laid down by four earlier pioneers: Sir George Cayley (1773-1857), who established the very foundation of aerodynamics; Alphonse Penaud (1850-1880), who built a rubber band-powered planophone model and flew it 131 feet; Otto Lilienthal (1848-1896), who conducted extensive glider experiments; and Octave Chanute (1832-1910), who became a virtual clearing house for all aviation-related developments and published them in a book entitled “Progress in Flying Machines.” The Wright Brothers’ biplane glider, in fact, was a virtual copy of his own.

According to the museum, the memorial is the birthplace of aviation. “Here, on December 17, 1903, Wilbur and Orville Wright made the first successful, power-driven flight in world history,” it claims. “The Wrights believed that flight by man was possible and could be achieved through systematic study.”

That systematic approach, coupled with their intuitive mechanical ability and analytical intelligence, enabled them to understand that lift opposed weight and that thrust opposed drag, but, more importantly, that flight could only be conquered by controlling its three lateral, longitudinal, and vertical axes. This lack of understanding had caused all previous experimenters to fail.

Devising control surfaces to tame them and thus maintain an aircraft’s stability, they were able to morph their unpowered gliders, subjected to hundreds of foot launches from nearby Kill Devil Hill, into the successful Wright Flyer.

Two reconstructed buildings represent the Wright Brothers’ 1903 camp, that to the left a hangar and that to the right their workshop and living quarters with a stove, a crude kitchen, a pantry, a table, and a ladder to access the burlap slings hung from the rafters that served as their bunks.

The commemorative granite boulder marks the take off point of the four successful flights on December 17, 1903 and the markers positioned on the field indicate each one’s distance and the amount of aerial time required to reach them.

Taking control of the Wright Flyer while Wilbur served as his “ground crew” and stabilized its wings, Orville divorced himself from the take off track at 10:35 a.m. that historic day, covering 120 feet in 12 seconds, while Wilbur himself, piloting the next attempt, covered 175 feet in the same amount of time. The penultimate fight flew 200 feet in 15 seconds and the final, and longest, one traversed 852 feet in 59 seconds, after which damage to the aircraft, along with end-of-the-season weather severities, precluded further testing and the brothers returned to Ohio.

According to the boulder erected by the National Aeronautics Association of the USA on December 17, 1928 to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the event, “The first successful flight of an airplane was made from this spot by Orville Wright, December 17, 1903, in a machine designed and built by Wilbur Wright and Orville Wright.”

The former sea of sands and dunes stretching out from the first flight boulder, still acted upon by the wind as much as the Wright’s gliders and powered designs had been, was now replaced with a sloping green field, but the aerodynamic forces invisibly brushing the delicate tips of its grass still caused them to sway, in memory, perhaps, of this event more than a century later.

The distance from the take off point, marked by the launching track, to the fourth and furthest marker, requires a brisk walk using the feet with which man has been endowed, but in 1903, it was covered with the wings with which birds had been endowed. The Wrights thus successfully crossbred the human and animal species, manifested as a machine.

The 60-foot monument, mounted on top of the 90-foot, now grass-covered Kill Devil Hill sand dune across from First Flight Airport with its 3,000-foot runway, marks the starting point of the Wright’s hundreds of unpowered glider flights.

“… the sand fairly blinds us,” they wrote at the time. “It blows across the ground in clouds. We certainly can’t complain of the place. We came down here for wind and sand, and we got them.”

A full-size stainless steel sculpture of the Wright Flyer, located on the far side of the hill at its base and weighing far more than the original airplane at 10,000 pounds, depicts the historic first flight with photographer John Daniels, from the local lifesaving station, about to snap the only picture ever taken of it.

The Centennial Pavilion, across the parking lot from the combined Visitor Center, museum, and flight room, offers films and aviation and Outer Banks exhibits.

6. Nags Head

Only a few miles south of Kill Devil Hills, in Nags head, is another flight-related attraction, Jockey’s Ridge State Park.

One of North Carolina’s 35 state parks and four recreation areas that stretch from Mount Mitchell-the highest peak in the west-to Jockey’s Ridge in the east, the 425-acre facility sports the highest sand dune on the coast, which, over the years, has varied in height from 90 to 110 feet.

Its Visitor Center features a museum with photographs of the dune and its evolution, along with displays about area flora and fauna, while two hiking trails provide first-hand exposure to the park: the 45-minute Soundside Nature Trail and the 1.5-mile Tracks in the Sand. But its jewel is unmistakably the dune itself and it is synonymous with hang gliding. The way that Kill Devil Hills was the birthplace of powered flight, so, too, was Nags Head for unpowered, personal flight, since the sport, in many ways, traces its roots here.

Francis Rogallo, like the Wright Brothers who preceded him by almost five decades, laid the foundation of the sport and is therefore considered the “father of modern hang gliding.” Seeking to make flying affordable and accessible to everyone, he took to the sky in 1948 on a makeshift glider whose wings had been assembled from his wife’s kitchen curtains, claiming, “My intention was to give everyone the opportunity to experience flight first hand.”

Following the Wright’s footsteps in the sand until they disappeared into the sky, he employed their same foot launch techniques less than five miles from those used in Kill Devil Hills.

Kitty Hawk Kites, which serves Jockey’s Ridge and was established in 1974, teaches both this foot launch and the towed hang gliding procedure, and is today the world’s largest such flight school, counting more than 300,000 students on its roster.

Initial, certified instructor-taught lessons entail a ground briefing, a dune foot launch, and a glide at a five- to 15-foot altitude.

The Hang Gliding Spectacular, the longest running hang gliding competition, is held annually in May on Jockey’s Ridge.

7. Roanoke Island

Sandwiched between the Outer Banks’s Northern Beaches and the Dare mainland, Roanoke Island, at eight miles long and two miles wide, is the site of the first English settlement in the New World and has several attractions to interpret it.

Manteo, its commercial and governmental hub, is a quaint, waterfront town of artists, fishermen, inns, bed-and-breakfasts, cafes, gift shops, galleries, restaurants, boardwalks, and a 53-slip marina on Shallowbag Bay, and its history is reflected by street names such as Queen Elizabeth Avenue and Sir Walter Raleigh Street.

Named after the Croatan chief who returned with the first English explorers in the late-16th century, and incorporated as a town in 1899, it offers several sights of its own. The Magnolia Marketplace, for instance, is an open-air pavilion used for town-sponsored events. The Tranquil House Inn, located on Queen Elizabeth Avenue, resembles a stately, 19th-century Outer Banks seaboard hotel with cyprus woodwork, beveled stained glass, rear porches with bay views, canopy beds, continental breakfast, afternoon wine and cheese, and its own 1587 Restaurant.

Another attraction is the North Carolina Maritime Museum, an outpost of the main one in Beaufort and located in the George Washington Creef boathouse, which overlooks Croatan Sound. Before the fire of 1939, the area was the site of Manteo’s boat building industry and the current structure was built by Creef’s son the following year to repair the shadboats his father had designed and which subsequently became the state’s official vessel.

More a workshop than a museum, it affords the visitor the opportunity to observe the mostly volunteer staff restore and rebuild wooden hulls, although a shadboat itself is on display, along with other memorabilia.

A boardwalk leads to another of the town’s sights, the Roanoke Marshes Lighthouse. An exterior reconstruction of the square, cottage-style, screwpile lighthouses that guided ships through the narrow channel between Pamlico and Croatan sounds on the south side of the island in an area called “Roanoke Marshes” from 1877 to 1955, the original was decommissioned that year, but swallowed by water during an attempted relocation.

The current replica, with a fixed, white light, fourth order Fresnel lens, was dedicated in 2004, during which Mayor John Wilson said, “In the years to come, as islanders mingle with visitors along the Manteo waterfront, let us remember that, on this spot, where so many vessels have been built and launched, dreams still light the way… a lighthouse now casts its reassuring beam into the night sky… “

Lighthouse and maritime history photographs and exhibits can be perused inside.

A quick drive down Queen Elizabeth Avenue and over the Cora Mae Bas Bridge leads to Roanoke Island Festival Park, a 25-acre outdoor, living history complex that celebrates the first English settlement in America, with several recreations.

Its American Indian Town, for example, portrays coastal Algonquian culture, which flourished on Roanoke Island and in the surrounding areas for thousands of years until the 1500s, at which time its nomadic hunter lifestyle was transformed into a more sedentary, agriculturally based one.

No written language existed. As a result, first-hand accounts of the English explorers, archaeological remains uncovered within the region, and the oral tradition of storytelling and craft-making provided the foundation for the park’s exhibits.

Under the rule of Queen Elizabeth I, the initial expedition, organized by Sir Walter Raleigh, but undertaken by Captain Arthur Barlowe and scientist Thomas Harriot, arrived on the shores of the New World in 1584, and both recorded their impressions of the land they had hoped to colonize. The small Indian Town reproduction is representative of the type they encountered.

The principle structure in any Algonquian settlement was the “weroance” or “leader’s” house and it was subdivided into an internal perimeter, which was intended for public use and served as the guest welcoming and entertaining area, and the interior rooms, where private functions, such as high level meetings and family activities, occurred.

Several English explorers were greeted by the wife of Granganimeo, the local leader, and then led to the house’s outer perimeter rooms, where they were warmed by a fire while their feet were washed and their clothes were laundered, before being led into an inner room for a feast.

Another typical settlement structure was the longhouse. Supported by sapling poles, whose bark was striped from young trees, it assumed a curved roof in order to reduce its vulnerability to the wind, its poles lashed together with cordage. Its framework was then covered with reeds or bark mats.

Mats or animal skins equally covered the small doorways in order to reduce the loss of heat.

Other houses, outdoor cooking and eating areas, and work shelters surrounded the longhouse, and corn and other staples were typically grown on the grounds.

Settlements standardly supported between 100 and 200 villagers and were vacated when the land on which they were located was no longer cultivable, although a decade between abandonment and re-occupation usually restored its farmability.

Indian life is further illustrated by cocking and food preparation exhibits, dugout canoes, and fishing weirs.

The highlight, perhaps, of Roanoke Island Festival Park is the bay-moored and visitable Elizabeth II ship, crewed, like the rest of its sites, by costumed interpreters.

Built in 1983 at the North Carolina Maritime Museum across the bay, the replica, with a 69-foot overall length and 17-foot width, is a composite of the then-prevalent, three-masted merchant ships. Representing the type originally constructed to transport the second, or 1585, expedition’s colonists after Thomas Cavendish mortgaged his estate to finance it, the vessel, commemorating the 400th-anniversary of the event, employs hand-hewn juniper timbers and locust wood pegs in its keel, frame, and planking. Although the relatively small ship, with a 50-ton displacement and 65-foot main mast, was primarily intended for European trade voyages, it equally crossed the open seas.

Between 1584 and 1590, eight English expeditions, entailing 22 ships and 1,200 soldiers, sailors, and colonists (including 28 women and children) were undertaken.

The complex’s settlement site, which represents the first English military one on American soil, features a sergeant’s tent, a forge and blacksmith shop, a foot- and rope-configured lathe, and a stockade.

Aside from these exhibits, Roanoke Island Festival Park also sports a Visitor Center; a film, “The Legend of Two-Path;” the Roanoke Adventure Museum; and a significant gift shop.

The chronicle of the first English settlers is elaborated upon at another important Roanoke Island attraction, Fort Raleigh National Historic Site.

Although Sir Walter Raleigh himself never set foot in the New World, he was granted a charter by Queen Elizabeth I, as already recounted, to launch the first of the three so-called “Roanoke voyages” to America in 1584 to select a site for colonization, establish a camp from which to dispatch raids on Spanish ships, and to seek precious metals, such as gold. It arrived in July.

Upon return to England, it was decided that the island, because of its protected shores, was the optimum location, and its land was very favorably viewed, as expressed by Captain Arthur Barlowe in his report to Sir Walter Raleigh.

“We found it to be a most pleasant and fertile ground,” he wrote, “replenished with goodly cedars and diverse other sweet woods full of currants, of flax, and many notable commodities… The soil is the most plentiful, sweet, fruitful, and wholesome of the whole world.”

A second expedition, dispatched the following year with 108 soldiers, was intended to stake England’s definitive claim.

Toward this more permanent settlement, an earthen fort was constructed on the north side of the island, but a decline in the previously friendly relations with the Native Americans occurred when they began to succumb to English-introduced diseases and the winter, hardly as bountiful in crops and food as the warmer months, caused the colonists to become increasingly dependent upon the Native Americans until relations became strained. The killing of Chief Wingina, the most pivotal event in the history of the fledgling colony, sealed the European’s fate and they were henceforth declared “enemies.”

Promised supply ships, apparently late, prompted their return to England at the first opportunity-and when Sir Francis Drake sailed into Roanoke Island, that opportunity presented itself. Fifteen colonists, however, remained to keep watch over the fort and the land they had already claimed.

Once again crossing the Atlantic on the third expedition in 1587, 117 men, women, and children, intent on establishing a permanent settlement and more representative of the real population, were promised individual plots of land.

Yet, only sailing back to Roanoke Island to re-provision the original 15 before journeying further inland to establish their own village, they found no trace of them.

John White, appointed governor of the new colony, returned to England for what was only intended as a short supply trip, but conflicting events-including a dearth of vessels with which to sail–precluded his re-departure until 1590. That trip, along with subsequent ones in the early 17th century, also failed to locate the lost colonists, who had apparently only left the abandoned fort and a few artifacts behind.

They had, however, been instructed to post notice if they elected to leave the area or if unforeseen events proved detrimental to their safety, and toward this end, the letters “CRO” were carved in a tree and the full word “CROATAN” appeared on a gate post, both referring to the local tribe and perhaps the reason for their disappearance.

Although excavations continue, no definitive reason has ever been found, leaving three hypotheses: they died of natural causes, they were attacked, or they voluntarily left-but to where and by what means has never been determined, if, in fact, this third theory is true.

Part of this story is told by artifacts uncovered during the fort’s excavation and displayed in the Lindsay Warren Visitor Center’s museum, whose highlight is the decorative wood paneling characteristic of an Elizabethan estate that once graced the walls of Heronden Hall in Kent, England, before being purchased by William Randolph Hearst in 1926 for his own castle in San Simeon, California. The National Park Service acquired it during the 1960s. Rooms such as the one in the Visitor Center would have been prevalent in the homes of wealthy men, such as Sir Walter Raleigh himself.

An outdoor trail leads to the foundation of the reconstructed earthen fort. “On this site,” according to the stone marker ahead of it, “in July-August 1585, colonists sent out from England by Sir Walter Raleigh built a fort called by them ‘the new fort in Virginia.’ These colonists were the first settlers of the English race in America. They returned to England in July, 1586, with Sir Francis Drake. Near this place was born, on the 18th of August, 1587, Virginia Dare, the first child of English parents born in America.”

An historical account of the first English settlers, billed as “a true story of adventure, courage, and sacrifice,” which “enriches, educates, and entertains” is entitled “The Lost Colony” and is performed from late-May to late-August at the outdoor Waterside Theatre, on the grounds of Fort Raleigh National Historic Site. Based upon the story written by Pulitzer Prize winning author Paul Green, it was first performed in 1937, but has been running ever since and employs a cast of more than 100 actors, singers, and dancers, who recreate the events that led to the first colonists’ disappearance through royal pageantry, Indian dance, epic battles, Elizabethan music, and elaborate costumes.

Another local attraction is the Elizabethan Gardens, a 10.5-acre botanical garden accessed by brick and sand footpaths and offering more than a thousand varieties of trees, shrubs, and flowers.

“Created to honor the first English colonists who graced these shores,” according to the museum, it explains, “History, mystery, and fantasy are combined in these special gardens created by the Garden Club of North Carolina in 1951 as a living memorial to the first English colonists who came to explore the New World in 1584-1587 and to settle on Roanoke Island.”

According to the sign in front of the Gate House, the garden’s entrance and gift shop, “A performance of ‘The Lost Colony Symphonic Outdoor Drama’ planted the seed in the creative minds that first envisioned this garden.”

There are numerous highlights in this tranquil oasis. The Queen Elizabeth I statue, for instance, is the world’s largest honoring her, while a smaller statue of Virginia Dare is located nearby. Handcrafted bricks, gargoyle benches, seasonal blooms, a marble table, and a stone birdbath accentuate the garden-framed view of Roanoke Sound from the Overlook Terrace. The Colony Walk honors the lost colonists who once walked these very shores and is lined with coastal-tolerant plants. Reeds from Norfolk, England, were used in the thatched roof of the replica of a 16th-century gazebo. The Camellia Collection features more than 125 species of the flower, while an ancient oak tree is believed to have survived from the days when the colonists inhabited the island in 1585.

Another Roanoke Island attraction is the North Carolina Aquarium, one of the three state-run facilities on the coast. Located, specifically, on the banks of Roanoke Sound only a short distance from the Dare County Regional Airport, it depicts the “Waters of the Outer Banks,” its theme.

North Carolina’s coastal plain, as illustrated by its “Coastal Freshwaters” display, provides wildlife with a variety of freshwater habitats. Creeks and rivers flow through marshes, pocosins, and other wetlands on their way to the sounds. The waterways link all of these habitats, allowing wildlife to pass from one to the other.

Albemarle Sound is fed by seven freshwater rivers. In order to survive in the sound itself, plants and animals must be able to adjust to salinity changes, which themselves are created by rains and draughts.

River otters and alligators roam the “Wetlands on the Edge” exhibit, while other displays include those designated “Marine Communities” and “The Open Ocean.”

Focal point of the aquarium is the 285,000-gallon “Graveyard of the Atlantic” saltwater exhibit, which features more than 200 fish and the largest collection of sharks in North Carolina.

Sea Glass in Rhode Island – Where and When to Look

Rhode Island isn’t called the Ocean State for nothing. This tiny state is big on beaches, and also big on sea glass. In fact, some of the most beautiful sea glass can be found in this diminutive place.

One reason that Rhode Island is such a fantastic place to find sea glass is that there is incredible shore access. Unlike some states, such as Connecticut as an example, Rhode Island beaches are highly accessible. While Rhode Island has its fair share of private beaches, it prides itself on public right of ways leading to the sandy shore. Remember, the area between mean high and low tide is public domain. So if you have public access, once you’re on the beach, you can walk anywhere you want even if it’s in front of a private home. Just don’t sunbathe on the homeowner’s lawn and you’ll be fine.

Here are some places you can go to find sea glass in little Rhodie.

—Scarborough Beach. This is a public state beach that gets extremely crowded in the summer time, especially on hot, sunny days. But if you’re vacationing in Rhode Island and it’s a cloudy, cool day, head down to Scarborough and start hunting for sea glass. The glass found here is very smooth and nicely frosted. Low tide is the best time to go. If low tide hits before the beach officially opens, you’ll have better luck finding some nice pieces and you won’t have to fight the crowds. In fact, most state and town public beaches, including Misquamicut, Narragansett, are also good spots for these little jewels.

—Jamestown. Jamestown is an island between Newport and the mainland, accessible only by bridge. Near the town center is a nice stretch of beach that is often loaded with sea glass, including extremely rare colors such as red and black. Parking is limited and this is a public beach, so the best time to hunt for beach glass is during the off season or on cloudy days. Just about any beach on Jamestown has its share of these frosted jewels.

—Cominicut Point Park. This is an out-of-the way seaside park in Warwick that has some very nice volume of beach glass. This is a public park with lots of beach to hunt sea glass on and is known as one of the better places for beach glass in the state.

—Colt State Park, a rocky beach accessible only at low tide, located in Bristol. It’s also one of the prettiest spots in the state.

—Block Island. This is a not-to-miss place if you’re visiting Rhode Island, not just for beach glass but because this is a real jewel you cannot miss. Block Island is accessible only via ferry, but it’s well worth the trip. The island is surrounded by beaches, most of which have public access.

If you’re in Rhode Island on vacation, ask the locals where the best sea glass beaches are in your area. It’s a great cloudy day activity for the entire family.

Sonography Schooling: How to Become a Sonographer in Asheville, North Carolina


Most people are familiar with Asheville as the home of the grand Biltmore Estate and gardens that was built by George Vanderbilt in 1895. However, there is much more to Asheville in Buncombe Country, including the Asheville Art Museum, the nationally renowned live music venue called The Orange Peel and the River Arts District. Diagnostic Medical Sonographers in Asheville will also appreciate the fact that healthcare is a driving industry for the best Buncombe County jobs.

Education for Sonography Students in Asheville, North Carolina

One of the first things employers look for while reviewing sonography job applicants is ARDMS registration. The quickest educational path to earning this credential is by attending a Diagnostic Medical Sonography program that is currently accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Programs (CAAHEP). If the program is not accredited by CAAHEP or the Canadian Medical Association, graduates will still need to work for one year in a clinical setting before they are allowed to take the ARDMS examinations to earn sonography certification. Scholarships are available through professional associations like the Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonography (SDMS) to help with the total cost of education.

Asheville has one CAAHEP accredited program in 2014 at the Asheville-Buncombe Technical Community College. Students completing the program training requirements earn eligibility to take ARDMS exams for general and vascular concentrations. Asheville sonography students are part of a local community of over 6,000 diverse students attending area colleges and universities.

Salary and Job Outlook for Sonographers in Asheville, North Carolina

In May 2013, Asheville, NC Diagnostic Medical Sonographers earned close to what sonographers earned on a national basis. The Asheville average hourly rate was $31.70 or $65,940 annually per the Department of Labor. The equivalent national rates were $32.29 per hour or $67,170 annually for less than a 2 percent difference compared to Asheville rates.

The Asheville economy remained level in the post-Recession years but recent employment outlook surveys indicate the health industry is growing and will provide some of the best job prospects in the short and long term. North Carolina University reviewed employment trends and indicated the service sector will contribute most of the employment gains throughout the state from 2008 to 2018, and health care will be one of the strongest industries. Some of the largest increases in Asheville jobs will be in physician offices, which also have the highest annual salaries in the healthcare and medical services field.

Best Accredited Diagnostic Medical Sonography School in Asheville, North Carolina

School Name: Asheville-Buncombe Technical Community College

Address: 340 Victoria Road

Zip: 28801

Contact Person: Chastity Coates Case

Contact Phone: (828) 254-1921

Available Programs: CAAHEP-Accredited Associates Degree programs (including general sonography and vascular sonography)

Study Sonography in Nearby Cities

You can find accredited ultrasound technician schools in the following nearby cities:

  • Sylva, North Carolina
  • Hudson, North Carolina
  • Greenville, South Carolina
  • Monroe, North Carolina

Take Ultrasound Education in Nearby States

The following nearby states have accredited ultrasound programs as of 2014:

  • Virginia (5 schools)
  • South Carolina (2 schools)
  • Tennessee (5 schools)

Five Interesting Facts About Rhode Island Red Chickens

Raising chickens is not just something for large farmers and corporate food operations anymore. These days, either to be more environmentally friendly or to be more self sufficient, many people are starting backyard flocks of chickens of their own. Raising chickens can be very beneficial in a number of ways. One of the most popular types of birds for this kind of operation is the famous Rhode Island Red Chicken.

Here are some interesting facts about this popular and well-respected bird.

How Many Monuments Is Too Many?
There are two monuments commemorating the significance of the Rhode Island Red breed of chicken that are located very near to each other. Both are found in the state that shares it's name with this breed of chicken. One is found in the city of Adamsville, where the breed was first developed, and the other is located just two miles out of town and honors the breeds importance to farmers.

Red's Ancestors
The main three chicken breeds used in the development of the breed were Malays, Cochins, and Brown Leghorns. Other chickens were included in the breeding process, but to a lesser degree.

The Ultimate Multi-Tasking Bird
The Rhode Island Red Chicken may be the best multi-tasking bird ever as it is raised just as often for meat production as it is for its egg laying ability. This is also one of the reasons, along with their temperament, that they are so popular in backyard flocks.

That's One Old Bird
The breed was originally developed in the late 1880s. It quickly spread across America and was soon the most popular breed in the entire country.

It's All In The Name
While most often an honor saved for either a majestic or physically beautiful wild bird, the Rhode Island Red Chicken is actually the state bird of Rhode Island. It was given this honor by the state government during the early 1950s.

Flytrap Brewing Co. Wilmington, North Carolina

Our destination: Wilmington, NC, a bustling college town on the Cape Fear River, with lots to do and see, and plenty of well established and up-and-coming breweries and brew pubs.

This time out we stopped at Flytrap Brewing Company , a young nano-brewery which first opened in October of 2014. My father, knowing our love of travel and brew pub exploration, sent us a news article about the brewery. We could not resist the temptation of a road trip to NC to check it out.

The brewery and taproom are housed in a smallish white brick building on the corner of N 4th St and Walnut, but do not let the size fool you. Flytrap boasts a 2 BBL brewing capacity – that means one batch is roughly 27 cases of beer, or about 12.5 corny kegs, for your reference – with four main fermenters on hand so they keep their taps charged with a unique variety of American and Belgian style ales, which are constantly changing. There are some standards, but you never really know what's on tap.

The day of our visit they had four Flytrap offerings and five guest beers available. The friendly barman poured us two flights which included Flytrap's Hoppy Tripel , Rehder's Red , a Saison and Belgian Blond . All very tasty and unique, especially the Tripel which was made with a generous amount of American hops. I would call it a Tripel IPA, if there could really be such a beer. I guess there can though. We see all kinds of IPAs; Black IPAs, Rye IPAs, why not a Belgian Tripel IPA?

Cindy's fave was the Rehder's Red , though she appreciated the Hoppy Tripel too, she is partial to Belgian style ales and IPAs.

The guest brews on tap were good too, and the selection changes up regularly just like the Flytrap original offerings. Our flight included Double Barley's Touché IPA , Left Coast Hop Juice , Eel River's Emerald Triangle IPA , and a couple of others I forgot to jot down.

The atmosphere is very laid back, clean and cool. An industrial edge with some woody charm. They have an outside seating area where you can grab some dinner from a featured food truck every Friday and Saturday, sometimes Thursday, between 7pm and 10pm, along with live music. Visit their website and check the calendar for more details.

Back inside you can always grab an appetizer or snack provided by The Veggie Wagon , a Wilmington local family-owned produce company sourcing from local farms and small batch producers. We had some Oven-Baked Multi-Grain crackers with a Jalepeño Jack Beer Dip . A tad hot but very tolerable, and very tasty.

Cindy wanted to bring the remaining dip back to the house with us but when she turned toward me after chatting with my sister for a few minutes the dip was long gone, so were the chips. I was gulping down the rest of a beer sample to quench the burn, but it was worth it.

In all we found Flytrap very enjoyable. A great atmosphere with impressive original ales and a friendly, knowledgable staff. I highly recommend a stop by this brewery if you're in the Wilmington, NC area. Flytrap's beers are well worth the stop and you might just meet someone interesting to talk to.

For sure we will be stopping by Flytrap the next time we're in town, just to see what surprises they have on tap.

Stop by the Flytrap Brewing Co. Facebook page and keep up to date about what's going on.

The Real Deal – A 2008 Market Forecast for Real Estate in Western North Carolina

In 2007 the year ended with doom and gloom predictions from some experts and hopeful talk of a temporary slow down from others. So how do you know which opinion to trust? Do you start planning for the worst or simply trust that everything will be "okay"? They key is to stay calm, be prepared and pay attention to the facts. Every real estate transaction is unique, the same way every region has distinct real estate market trends. In Asheville, NC and the surrounding towns throughout Western North Carolina the real estate market has stayed in tact and continues to be profitable, but as the rest of the country struggles it's essential that homebuyers and sellers remain grounded and realistic.

National Indicators: Real Estate Market Trends Outside of Western North Carolina

Successful real estate transactions are completed when educated decisions are made. It is important for buyers and sellers to evaluate the national real estate market as well as the local. If you plan to purchase real estate in Western North Carolina or sell mountain homes and land near Asheville be sure to find a knowledgeable real estate agent that has experience working in multiple markets. In 2008 there are some national trends that warrant immediate consideration and will affect real estate in Western North Carolina.

Across the nation home sales in 2008 will continue to slow and prices will decline. Although most experts agree that the real estate market will not drop dramatically overall, some metropolitan areas will experience double-digit losses. According to an article by Les Christie published December 21, 2007 on CNNMoney.com approximately 20% of the metro areas covered in the most recent MoodysEconomy.com survey will see these double-digit losses in the beginning of 2008. Christie suggests, "Most of the worst-hit markets are in high-flying areas, such as California and Florida. " The article's predictions include drops of between 29 and 32% in places such as Stockton and Modesto, California and Fort Walton Beach and Naples, Florida. The forecast for drops in New Jersey include 18 and 25% in Ocean City and Atlantic City.

Despite a drop in home sales and prices that appear nationwide, the Zurier reports in his January 8, 2008 article NAR Forecasts Stable Home Sales in 2008 on BuilderOnline.com, "The National Association of Realtors (NAR) forecasts a steady housing market for the next few months with a graduate rise in new-and existing-home sales later on this year and well into 2009. " According to Zurier quotes the NAR's chief economist, Lawrence Yun, as saying, "While there are more people with financial capacity now than in 2005, many are trying to market their time." Yun concludes, "As a result, the exact timing and the strength of a home-sales recovery is a bit uncertain. A meaningful recovery in existing-home sales could occur as early as this spring, or it may be further delayed towards late 2008 . "

Ever Cloud Has a Silver Lining, Especially When It Comes to Real Estate in Asheville, NC

At the beginning of 2008 MSN Real Estate, http://realestate.msn.com/ , reported online that Business Week listed Asheville, NC as one of the top ten performing real estate markets during the third quarter of 2007 in comparison to the third quarter of 2006. Coming in at number nine, Asheville was joined by other cities like Billings, Montana and Salt Lake City, Utah. Asheville was the only city on the East Coast it to make the list. In addition to this great news, on January 10, 2008 the Associated Press reported "Fed Is Ready to Cut Interest Rates Again." Writer Jeannine Aversa reported from Washington, "Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke pledged Thursday to slash interest rates as needed to prevent housing and credit problems … The Fed chief made clear the central bank was prepared to act aggressively." These actions will lead to a stabilized interest rates in 2008 across the country. As home sales and property prices begin to increase the market in Asheville should adjust and growth will continue at a faster rate.

Do not Be Afraid to Follow Your Dream of Owning Real Estate in Asheville!

Knowledge and preparation can make all the difference when making financial and economic decisions. Taking time to really understand the real estate market will increase your buying and selling options, as well as provide you with peace of mind. For more information on mountain living and real estate in Western North Carolina visit [http://www.JaneSellsAsheville.com]