Hand-Colored Photographs by Wallace Nutting-Like Photographers

Although Wallace Nutting was widely recognized as the country's leading producer of hand-colored photographs during the early 20th century, it was by no means the only photographer selling this style of picture. Throughout the country literally hundreds of regional photographers were selling hand-colored photographs from their home regions or travels. The subject matter of these photographers was very comparable to Nutting's, including Interior, Exterior, Foreign, and Miscellaneous Unusual scenes. The key determinants of value include the collectability of the particular photographer, subject matter, size, and of course condition. Keep in mind that only the rarest pictures, in the best condition, will bring top prices. Discoloration and / or damage to the picture or matting can reduce value significantly.

Major Wallace Nutting-Like Photographers : Several photographers operated large businesses and, although not as large or well-known as Nutting, they sold a substantial volume of pictures which can still be found today. The vast majority of their work was photographed in their home regions and sold primarily to local residents or visiting tourists. And it should come as little surprise that 3 of the major Wallace Nutting-Like photographers … David Davidson, Fred Thompson , and Charles Sawyer … each had ties to Nutting.

  • David Davidson : Second to Nutting in overall production, Davidson worked primarily in the Rhode Island and Southern Massachusetts area. While a student at Brown University around 1900, Davidson learned the art of hand-colored photography directly from Nutting, who happened to be the Minister at Davidson's Providence RI church. After Nutting moved to Southbury in 1905, Davidson graduated from Brown and started a successful photography business in Providence which he operated until his death in 1967.
  • Charles Sawyer : A father & son team, Charles H. Sawyer and Harold B. Sawyer , operated the very successful Sawyer Art Company from 1903-1970's. Beginning in Farmington ME, the Sawyer Art Company moved to Concord NH in 1920 to be nearer their primary market of New Hampshire's White Mountains. Charles Sawyer briefly worked for Nutting in 1902-03 while living in southern Maine. Sawyer's production volume ranks # 3 behind Nutting and Davidson.
  • Fred Thompson : Frederick H. Thompson and Frederick M. Thompson were another father and son team that operated the Thompson Art Company (TACO) from 1908-1923, working primarily in the Portland, ME area. We know that Thompson and Nutting had collaborated because Thompson broadly marked an interior scene he had taken in Nutting's Southbury home. The production volume of the Thompson Art Company ranks # 4 behind Nutting, Davidson, and Sawyer.
  • Charles Higgins : Working out of Bath Maine, some of Higgins finest pictures rivaled Nutting's best. No firm connection has been found between Higgins and Nutting.

Minor Wallace Nutting-Like Photographers : Hundreds of other smaller local and regional photographers attempted to market hand-colored pictures comparable to Wallace Nutting's during the 1900-1930's time period. Although quite attractive, most were not as appealing to the general public as Wallace Nutting pictures. However, as the price of Wallace Nutting pictures has escalated, the work of these less-known Wallace Nutting-Like photographers have become increasingly collectible.

A partial list of some of these minor Wallace Nutting-Like Photographers include: Babcock; J.Carleton Bicknell; Blair; Ralph Blood (Portland, ME); Bragg; Brehmer; Brooks; Burrowes; Busch; Royal Carlock; Pedro Cacciola; Croft; Currier; Depue Bros; Derek; Dowly; Eddy; May Farini (hand-colored Colonial lithographs); Geo. Forest; Gandara; H. Marshall Gardner (Nantucket, Bermuda, Florida); Gibson; Gideon; Gunn; Bessie Pease Gutmann (hand-colored Colonial Lithographs); Edward Guy; Harris; C. Hazen; Knoffe; F. Jay Haynes (Yellowstone Park); Margaret Henneyy; Hodges; Homer; Krabel; Kattleman; La Bushe; Lake; Lamson (Portland ME); M. Lightstrum; Machhering; Rossiler; Mackinae; Merrill; Meyers; William Moehring; Moran; Murrey; Lyman Nelson; J. Robinson Neville (New England); Patterson; Owen Perry; Phelps; Phinney; Reynolds; F. Robbins; Royce; Fred'k Scheetz (Phila, PA); Shelton; Harry L. Standley (Colorado); Stott; Summers; Esther Svenson; Florence Thompson; Thomas Thompson; MA Trott; Sanford Tull; Underhill; Villar; Ward; Wilmot; Edith Wilson; Wright.

The same guidelines that apply to Nutting pictures typically apply to Nutting-Like pictures as well:

  • Exterior Scenes are the most common.
  • Some photographers sold colonial interior scenes as well.
  • Subject Matter, Condition, and Size are all important determinants of value.

References Books :

  • The Collectors Guide to Early 20th Century Hand-Painted Photography , by Michael Ivankovich, 250 pgs, illustrated with pricing information.
  • The Hand-Painted Photographs of Charles Henry Sawyer , by Carol Begley Gray, Michael Ivankovich & John Peters, 60 pgs, illustrated with pricing information.

The Wallace Nutting Collector's Club : Established in 1973, the Wallace Nutting Collectors Club holds annual conventions, usually in the northeastern portion of the country. Since there are no collectors clubs specifically dedicated to the works of any of the other photographers, collectors generally gravitate to the Wallace Nutting Collectors Club for information on early 20th century hand-colored photography.

A Superb and Humorous Educational Resource For Teachers or Parents of Third Graders

Attack of the Chicken Nugget Man:

A North Carolina EOG Adventure

By: Kumar Sathy

A Student Solutions Educational Publication

ISBN: 978-0-9821729-0-2

If you’re looking for an extremely interesting, attention-holding teaching aid for third graders to help prepare them for EOG (End of Grade) tests, you’ll find that Attack of the Chicken Nugget Man: A North Carolina EOG Adventure is a valuable teaching resource. Though it is specifically directed to North Carolina third grade teachers, it can be used by teachers and parents no matter what state you live in. It would require that one changes certain references to North Carolina history, politicians, and geography to fit the equivalent facts from whatever state one happens to live in, but this can be done relatively easily. The point is that the book can be a very useful way to teach kids, using humor, and a strong story line involving the plight of a third grader (Chris Robb) who has problems paying attention in class.

Attack of the Chicken Nugget Man can be read by the students or by their teacher or parents, in conjunction with lesson plans related to each chapter.. There are letters and numbers at the end of some of the sentences, which correspond to a chart at the back of the book that lets the teacher/parents know what part of the curriculum and EOG test the material is covering. An example of this is when one of Chris’s classmates, Alex, who only remembers past lesson plans because he ran his head into a metal pole, interrupts the teacher, Ms. Bubblebrain and other students), to shout out the types of sentences they’re using (the “E” is this example refers to English, and the “33” to knowing the different types of sentences) :

“Settle down,” Mrs. Bubblebrain said.

“Imperative sentence! Alex said. E33

“Stop saying that!” Carmela shouted.

“Imperative and exclamatory.” Alex said. E33

Chris seems to get into trouble every day. It’s not because he’s bad or mischievous, but because his attention drifts and he finds it difficult to retain knowledge. Still, Ms. Bubblebrain tries her best to get him to learn and respond correctly to questions she asks him in class. He daydreams about things like flying purple hamsters, though, and asks to use the restroom or get a drink from the water faucet, to try to be out of the classroom as much as possible.

What the teachers, kids, and parents are all concerned about is that at any moment, the kids might be attacked and eaten by the Chicken Nugget Man. Even the President issues warnings about him. The Chicken Nugget Man turns out to be, as Chris discovers, a harmless and tiny person shaped like a chicken nugget. The Chicken Nugget Man makes a deal with Chris to help him learn if Chris will feed him things like stinky socks.

Each short chapter is humorous, which is a good way to attract and keep the attention of students, and the plot is engaging. Students will want to keep on reading or listening to their teacher/parent to learn what will happen next to Chris and his classmates, like Tuna Tommy, a kid who always leaves parts of his lunch in his desk until they start to rot and stink the room up. Chris can’t even seem to remember his teacher’s name, calling her things like Ms. Bubblegum or Ms. Bobblehead. Kids are sure to get a kick out of the funny bits in the book, as well as learning important concepts they’ll be tested over.

A couple of the elements I really liked about the book, other than its use of humor, are the “Knowledge Nuggets,” scattered throughout, and the questions at the end of each chapter Ms. Bubblebrain has written on the chalkboard for her students to read and answer, based upon what they’ve read (or heard, as the case may be). The “Knowledge Nuggets,” sometimes present added information, or ask the students to do a simple math problem related to what they’ve read/heard, or further explains a vocabulary word in a chapter, like the word “scarcity.”

The end of chapter questions Ms. Bubblebrain has written on her chalkboard are always headed by the funny underlined words: “For the love of sweaty bacon soda, answer these questions!” She has an interesting way with words, but the questions are a good means for teachers/parents to ask kids questions to see what the students have learned from the chapter. There’s an Analysis Question, a Synthesis Question, and an Evaluation Question for the kids to answer.

Attack of the Chicken Nugget Man is a book that, when incorporated with related material, can be a very useful learning tool. It certainly can’t be accused of being dull and boring, which many textbooks are in the opinion of students. The only thing I think would make this book any better is the possible addition of an animated DVD to go along with it. Also, though the book can be used relatively easily by teachers from states other than North Carolina, I think it might be a good idea to eventually publish versions of it for every state. Then, this valuable educational resource could reach an even wider audience. I highly recommend it and believe it will be a great success in the classroom to help students prepare for the EOG.

–Douglas R. Cobb–

Minor Children Can Suffer From Parents Who Don’t Want to Pay Child Support!

Rhode Island child support can be a frustrating situation not only for clients but also for lawyers.


Imagine that you are a Rhode Islander who has placement of three children. Your ex-spouse is making considerably more money than when you divorced and the cost of living has risen.

First, you contact a Rhode Island lawyer about your child support rights and whether modification is appropriate.

Second, after finding out that modification is appropriate you speak with your ex-spouse and he is unwilling to agree to give you a dime more than you are already receiving in court ordered child support. So you resort to having your lawyer send a letter to your ex-spouse asking for agreement of a small child support increase and that if you cannot agree that a Motion to Modify the child support will have to be filed with the court.

Sounds simple enough doesn’t it? If the ex-spouse doesn’t agree then you file a Motion to Modify and the court will modify your child support AND if you meet your burden of proof, namely that there has been a substantial change in circumstances since the last order was set then the child support will be modified per the Rhode Island Child Support Guidelines.

Enter the ex-spouse who gets an attorney friend to serve the placement parent with six (6) motions on the day a response to the letter is requested. The lawyer for the placement parent then files a Motion for Contempt and a Motion to Modify Child Support.

The ex-spouse concocts even more and more motions as the “initial filing party” and the Motion for Child Support which is the real issue is placed on the back burner by the court. Despite the efforts of the placement parent’s lawyer, more and more motions are filed by the ex-spouse’s attorney to further cloud the issues and take the court on so many tangents that no judge could see the forest for the trees even if he or she wants to.

Here’s the clincher for the attorney representing the placement parent. How do you explain to your client after 3 years of trying to get the Motion for Child Support heard and after the ex-spouse’s attorney friend has filed 20+ motions that there is no end in sight and the family court judge has literally refused to hear the placement parent’s Motion to Modify Child Support despite countless direct requests that a hearing be held on the subject?

It is not only a child support issue but a legal frustration both for the client seeking the modification and for the lawyer representing the client. This is not simply because it makes the lawyer appear inept when he or she may have done everything within his or her power necessary to obtain a hearing, but also because the client is entitled for relief for the benefit of the children.

I have had the displeasure of seeing several unfortunate circumstances similar to the one described. In truth the child support problem is caused not only by the system but by lawyers who may be questioned as to whether they are acting within the boundaries of their ethical obligations and are abusing the legal system to delay and/or prevent child support.

Unfortunately, one lawyer usually has no control over another lawyer who is trying to bury a valid Motion for Child Support Modification under a mound of motions so deep that the court will never see it and never address it.

The question then becomes, does the placement parent who is moving for the modification of the child support have an entitlement or right to a hearing on the subject.

Rhode Island law regarding child support gives family court judges discretion as to whether to award the moving party retroactive to the date the motion was filed. Assuming for a moment that the motion is heard 3+ years later by the court, what do you think the chances are that the non-placement party will be ordered to pay 3+ years of retroactive child support?

As a Rhode Island lawyer, I can tell you quite frankly that it is slim to none that the placement parent will be given the rightful award of child support retroactive to the date of filing. This is most likely because the amount of retroactive support is likely to be seen as so large as to appear to be punitive. Since the court does not award child support as a punitive measure and judges are afforded this retroactive discretion the award of retroactive child support is unlikely at best.

As a lawyer, it is not an enjoyable task to explain to your client that a retroactive award of child support for the children is unlikely without even having had a hearing. Perhaps the more difficult part for an attorney is realizing that when a family court judge fails to hear a Motion to Modify Child Support in a timely fashion and otherwise may fail to exercise his or her discretion to grant support retroactive to the date of the Motion to Modify, that judge is more than hurting the placement parent, that judge is depriving the minor children of support that they are entitled to from the non-moving parent.

It should always be remembered, both by lawyers and by the courts that child support, and thus Motions to Modify Child Support, relate to the parent’s exercise of rights on behalf of the children. Thus, if a Motion to Modify is granted, shouldn’t it also be correct and proper to grant the child support retroactive to the filing date. It causes one to question why a retroactive ruling is not always the case and why the family court judiciary are afforded discretion in this regard which deprives minor children of child support to which they are entitled.

What then can a lawyer or pro se individual do when faced with a Motion to Modify Child Support that he or she seemingly can’t get before the court?

Stay the course! Do not diverge from the purpose of your motion to modify. Continuously bring the court’s focus back to this Motion over and over again. Make every effort not to let the court get side-tracked by opposing counsel, opposing motions and other obstacles that are not as crucial to the well-being of the minor children. Emphasize to the court that the longer the motion goes unheard the longer the children go without necessary child support in an ever worsening economy.

This is a situation where you must have laser-like focus and purpose to insure to the best of your ability that the Motion to Modify is heard. The court has often focused on the fact that one of it’s foundational tenets is the best interests of the minor children. Most assuredly the financial best interests of the minor children are among the most important. Food, clothing, education, shelter and medical care are all part of the financial aspects of child support. Without increases when warranted by the court and awarded by the court, the minor children suffer.

Though there are no guarantees, this is the best avenue of focus, for your client seeking modification and for the children who NEED the modification.

The Fort Fisher Hermit

Robert E. Harrill, also known as the "Hermit" is a character woven into the history of Fort Fisher, NC. Surely one of the most famous people of Pleasure Island. He has been the subject of a documentary, a book, a "society" and has had many articles written about his life and times. He lived "off the land" in an old, abandoned War World II bunker for 16 years. Harrill hitchhiked to Fort Fisher, on the coast of North Carolina from the mountains seeking peace and sanctuary from an abusive and disappointing life. In his early 60's, he finally decided to move away from society and closer to nature. His life was sad, sweet, inspirational and courageous; his death surrounded in mystery only adds one more layer to his story. He was gregarious, teaching his version of "the school of common sense", by the late 1960's he was deemed to be the second largest tourist attraction in the state of North Carolina after the Battleship USS North Carolina.

I followed the "Hermit's Trail" to the bunker he used to call home. Like everyone else, I find myself intrigued by a man who lived in the middle of a salt marshland, just beside the ocean, so independently for so long. He lived off the "fat of the land"; here at the coast it was oysters, fish and a garden he planed himself. He braved hurricanes, the humidity and heat of the Carolina summers, he fought for his right to stay in his "home" against developers and other entities who considered him a vagrant. Mainly, his friends were the animals, stray cats, dogs and wild racoons. Although, I do not imagine he was lonely for human company-it has been said that he kept a guest book that by his death contained no less than 100,000 entries. These passers by made their contributions to him-dropping money in his frying pan or sharing some food. He also accepted pledges for placing in a photo.

He was quoted in 1968 in the New Hanover Sun with regard to his popularity,

"Everybody bought to be a hermit for a few minutes to an hour or so every 24 hours, to study, meditate, and commune with their creator … millions of people want to do just what I'm doing, but since it is much easier thought than than done, they subconsciously elect me to represent them, that's why I'm successful … "

I imagine he did not miss much food or drink. There is an entry on his website from a local who was about 16 at the time used to ride him into town for groceries. The man remembers piling 30 bags of groceries into his trunk!

letters and stories, along with his personal collected writings indicate he lived a hard life. He grew up through the depression in an abusive household as a child. His marriage ended in divorce and his eldest son committee suicide. I can refer to his desire to escape to a simpler life. To continue his story however, his songer son Edward founded The Hermits' Society. The Hermit's inspirations, "teachings", and thoughts are recorded in photograph and movie

His death on June 3, 1972 was listed as a heart attack. The Hermit was found by a group of teenagers early in the morning. His body was in a spread eagle position on a pile of trash. I find it hard to convey how this saddens me.

You can still visit his bunker and walk the trail from the Fort Fisher / South End Beach Access. The trail begins across from the Visitors Center. The trail is approximately m mile to the bunker. You can continue on to the Observatory deck at the very top if the island where you can view heron, ibis, egret and other amazing coastal colonial birds. A regular sight for our friend the hermit.

Having learned all of this about Robert Harrill I felt compelled, to follow it through and find his grave. It is located on Dow Road in the Federal Point Methodist Cemetery. It is a peaceful spot near the River in a shady, historic area of ​​the grounds. The grave itself is covered in shells that have been left as mementos, in fact I left one myself as I knelt to read the headstone. It reads "He made people think". I am not the only one, his visitors still seek him out, most recently a DVD of the Fort Fisher Hermit Movie was also left on Robert's grave. The story of his life, "The Battle for Independence; The Life and Times of the Fort Fisher Hermit" is for sale on lulu.com.