The Marans

This Chicken Breed has really peaked my interest simply for one fact, it's Dark Brown Eggs! I know of only three breeds that lay dark brown eggs, the Marans (spelled in plural is the proper spelling by the way!) As mentioned, the Welsummer, and the Barnevelder.

So without further ado let's go over some facts about this interesting breed, shall we?


Th Marans' origin can be actually be traced back to France. It was created from the Langshan breed and Faverolles, Coucou De Malines, and English Game Hens. In 1914 at a national exhibition, the Marans made it's official debut as the "Country Hen" in La Rochelle.

During the 1920's Madam Rousseau endeavored to give the breed it's standard form and dark brown eggs!

Of other note, the bantam breed of the Marans was developed in the 1950's. Also, the Marans breed is actually not accepted as a pure breed in many poultry associations, Lord Greenway in 1929 imported some black Cuckoo and White Marans for breeding. This became the standardized breed in Britain. In fact the Cuckoo Marans is one of the most popular breeds of Chicken in the UK


The Marans will actually make a great hen for the beginner in raising backyard chickens. They are pretty docile and robust. They are good layers but not as substantial at laying then say the "Rhode Island Red" or Leghorn.


The most recognized Marans is the Cuckoo variation, irregular bands of dark color on a lighter background. There are other color variations as well to include silver, golden, black, white, wheat, and copper to name a few. In France the Marans sill carry the trait of feathered legs from their Langshan Ancestors. This became standardized there in 1930 with the most popular color variation being copper black or wheaten.

The Egg!

The dark brown eggs of the Marans taste no different than a white or brown egg!

Not every Marans lays equally dark brown eggs.

The French strain of the Marans lays darker eggs than the UK Version.

Keep in Mind

1) Some breeders will pass the "The Speckledy" as a Marans. These are not true Marans'!

2) Buy from a Reputable Dealer!

In the French Variation of the Marans, keep an out for scaly leg mite.

3) The Marans does not make a great meat bird economically, the feed to weight ratio is not very good.

Thanks for reading!

Steve M.

Trivia Questions and Answers – Sports Trivia Questions

Looking for something fun to do at your next party or family event? Why not try trivia? It is entertaining, exciting and everyone can get involved. Age, sex and the number of people does not matter. Trivia is for everyone and it can be played anywhere.

Sports trivia is a great choice because almost everyone knows something about sports. You may not be a hockey fan, but what do you know about skating or sailing? Almost everyone has knowledge or information about some kind of sport. You do not have to be the world’s biggest fan to enjoy sports trivia. You can print and enjoy these fifty questions that I have compiled about all different kinds of sports and sports figures. Test your knowledge or that of your friends. Enjoy!

1: Britain’s Linford Christie was banned from competing for two years in which sport?

A: The 100m dash because he tested positive for drugs.

2: Which country’s entire team was barred from competing at the Paralympics in Sydney?

A: Spain, they were caught entering non-handicapped athletes into the games.

3: Which sports figure holds the record for appearing the most times on the cover of Sports Illustrated?

A: Michael Jordan, he has been on the cover 47 times.

4: Who is the only man to play both a NFL game and a MLB game in a single day?

A: Deion Sanders

5: Which two countries have not missed one of the modern day Olympics?

A: Greece and Australia

6: Which goalie holds the record for the most wins in regular season play?

A: Patrick Roy

7: What is the maximum weight for a golf ball?

A: 1.6oz

8: In Olympic badminton how many feathers does the bird have?

A: 14

9: What professional sport did bank robber John Dillinger play?

A: Baseball

10: Who was the only person elected to both the football and the baseball hall of fame?

A: Cal Hubbard

11: Wayne Levi was the first golfer to win a PGA tournament using a colored ball. What color was the ball?

A: Orange

12: Which track and field event is banned in high schools in every state except Rhode Island?

A: The hammer throw

13: The world Cup of Soccer has only been won by three European countries. Who are they?

A: West Germany, England and Italy.

14: Which NHL team was once called the St. Patricks?

A: The Toronto Maple Leafs

15: What sport, other than baseball uses the word ‘homerun’?

A: Cricket

16: What sport awards the Maurice Podoloff Trophy?

A: Basketball, it is awarded to the most valuable player

17: How many panels make up a soccer ball?

A: 32

18: How many stitches are there on a baseball?

A: 108

19: Who was the first female parachutist?

A: Jean Genvieve Granerin in 1799, she jumped from a hot air balloon.

20: What is the most watched sport in the world?

A: Soccer (football).

21: Which sport has the largest number of participants in the world?

A: Fishing.

22: In what year did boxing become a legal sport in the US?

A: 1901

23: What edible substance was found in golf balls?

A: Honey

24: Who holds baseball’s record for the most stolen bases in a single season?

A: Rickey Henderson

25: Who holds the record for the longest hitting streak in baseball?

A: Joe DiMaggio, 56 games.

26: Who holds the record in basketball for the most career rebounds?

A: Wilt Chamberlain

27: Who holds the record in basketball for the most fouls?

A: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 4657.

28: Who holds the record in basketball for the most blocked shots?

A: Hakeem Olajuwon 3830.

29: In what year was the Ice Dancing included in the World Championship?

A: 1952, in Paris.

30: Who holds the record for the most homeruns in a single season?

A: Barry Bonds he set the record in 2001.

31: Which woman took silver in the men’s World Figure Skating Championship in 1902?

A: Madge Syers-Cave, there was no women’s events and no rule in the men’s saying a woman could not compete.

32: Who was the first woman to win the woman’ s World Figure Skating Championship?

A: Madge Syers-Cave, she won it in 1906

33: What is the name of the stadium where the Houston Astros play?

A: Minute Maid Park

34: What sport do the Houston Astros play?

A: Baseball

35: Which country won the gold medal in men’s beach volleyball at the 2008 Summer Olympics?

A: USA, the team of Rogers/Dalhausser defeated the Team from Brazil to win the gold.

36: Who holds the record for the most goals in the NHL?

A: Wayne Gretzky, he scored 894.

37: In which sport would you use the terms reefing and furling?

A: Sailing

38: Which sport awards the Ryder Cup?

A: Golf

39: Who holds the records for the most goals in one season in the NHL.

A: Wayne Gretzky, in the 81-82 season he scored 92 goals.

40: How many players are on the field for each team in American football?

A: 11 there are 12 in Canadian football.

41: James Naismith is credited with inventing which sport?

A: Basketball. When the game was first played there were only 13 rules.

42: Which sport has a three in the key rule?

A: Basketball, it was introduced in 1936 to cut down on contact between players.

43: In basketball how far is the free throw line from the net?

A: 15 feet or 4.6m.

44: How long is a football game?

A: 60 minutes.

45: In which sport might you find a dagger and a trapeze?

A: Sailing.

46: Which country held the 2008 Olympics.

A: The Olympics were in Beijing China.

47: Which sport awards the Winston Cup?


48: In which sport did Sonny Liston participate?

A: Boxing, he was a heavy weight.

49: Affirmed, won the triple crown in 1978, who was his regular jockey?

A: Steve Cauthen and he was the youngest jockey ever to win the triple crown.

50: Who eight gold medals at the 2008 Summer Olympics?

A: Michael Phelps in swimming.

I Just Want to be Free – I Just Want to be Me!

It was a sunny Saturday in April 2003 in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. The Carolina-blue sky seemed to kiss the wavy waters as the gentle wind embraced the beach. After enjoying the beach for a while with my 16-year old daughter and husband, one by one, they ventured off to find a spot on the beach away from the water.

I stand close to the water barely wetting my feet and totally mesmerized by God's awesome creation. The voices of the beach-goers were gradually faded as the sounds of the wind, the waves, and the seagulls emerged.

Suddenly, my attention was diverted as I noticed how my son and nephew were totally immersed in the moment. Challenging the sand that appeared to capture their feet with every loud wave, they went from only getting wet from the legs down, to being totally drenched from head to toe. Forgetting about the hunger that occupied their every thought moments ago, they were simply enjoying the moment to be free – to be free to be who they were.

As I stand there watching and smiling, my smile turned to laugh as my eyes filled with tears at the unexpected experience of enjoying the same spellbound freedom that they were enjoying. I thought about life, and the choice that I have to be free. Then I thought about how countless of individuals are held captive in daily routines, never taking one moment out of the day to just be – to just be free.

After a while, knowing that this moment must end, I moved the boys to come on to leave. They yelled, "Just one more time!" "Okay," I said, as I stand full of laughter and tears in my eyes, experiencing my moment of freedom – as they freely enjoyed their moment without limitations. "One more time," they yelled repeatedly. "Okay, just one more time," I repeatedly yelled back, until that moment finally did end.

My son and nephew will never realize how their expression of freedom evoked a renewed freedom within me in that moment, on that fine April day. The freedom of knowing that at any time I choose, I can be free to just be me – just as I did that day. I will never let that moment, that experience, or that choice go.

What an experience it is to be free – to be free to just be me, without self-limits, or the limits of others.

What actions must you take to experience your true freedom today?

At any moment that you choose, you too can be free – to just be – who you are.

Think about it, experience it, live it, and never let it go!


Copyright 2003 by Audrina Jones Bunton. REPRINTING THIS ARTICLE: Permission is granted to reproduce or distribute this article only in its entity and provided copyright is acknowledged. You can find other articles to choose from at []

Not Too Many Incentives for Residential Grid-Tie Systems in the US

Let's just start off with California, as far as giving an incentive for energy ROCKS, well at least as far as free electricity goes!

Small Residential Grid Tie Interfaces are most welcome in California, and not only do they encourage it- they reward it. If you have a smaller residential system be it Wind, Solar, Hydro the state of California will pay you if you have an overage on your monthly bill. Yes they will actually send you a check for the electricity that you provide above and over your monthly bill. In Rhode Island they will give you a credit (oh joy). So what about the people in Rhode Island that would / will produce 135% minimum every month for life? Well those individuals basically get shafted, the excess of electricity will still fall to the utility company and that's about it end of story. If that's not enough you can not even have that credit transferred to friends or family or anyone else for that matter.

Energy conservation or "going green" is not a hot topic in New England, because it is not rewarded. They give you silly small tax credit incentives and little perks and all that really does for anyone is the same equivalent to a hill of beans.

The main utility company in New England is NATIONAL GRID a British owned company that still must be mad over the "Boston tea party" incident. I think it is outrageous that in a world of depleting and global warming attributes from fossil fuels that this issue would not completely boil down to the green back. Now there is a term that should be adjusted "Green back" …

Why am I writing this? I recently built my own DIY wind machine, and doing this from pieces of garbage. That's right all from stuff people throw out on the side of the road. I set out to prove that one person can reduce their electricity bill by at least 15-20%. So that's why I am so upset over this issue, enough to write a few tid-bits that maybe someday might get read.

So come people of New England (Rhode Island) let's get with it and move to pass a bill that gives us the freedom of not being bullied by the monopoly of NATIONAL GRID.

Hey, California and other states have adopted this, we can too!

A Fair and Balanced Review of Ambit Energy

In line with the ever increasing prices of energy and electricity, Ambit Energy looks like a more cost effective alternative to your high electric bills. Given the economy's volatile nature, chances are low that costs will go down any time soon. It's either you keep paying for the pricey bills or check out what Ambit Energy has to offer.

What is Ambit Energy?

Ambit Energy was founded in 2006 by two friends namely Jere Thompson Jr. and Chris Chambless. One day, over lunch, the topic of energy deregulation was brought up and they saw the opportunity of providing the market with low cost energy options. From there, the company took off and is now supervised of over 250,000 independent consultants. In 2008, the company had a revenue of $ 200 million while 2009 saw more growth with the revenue reaching almost $ 325 million.

Aside from offering cheaper energy, the company's network marketing nature is also a great opportunity for customers to enjoy added financial rewards. All the consultant has to do is promote and sell the brand's products and services to enjoy the promised rewards.

Energy Services in 12 States

At the core of Ambit Energy's business mission is to allow consumers to save money. As a retail electricity and gas provider, it offers the most competitive rates in the market serving 12 states in the US. Among these states are:

  • Washington DC
  • Illinois
  • Rhode Island
  • Texas
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • New York
  • Massachusetts
  • Pennsylvania
  • California
  • Maryland
  • New Jersey

In addition to its cost-effective services offered for both commercial and residential consumers, the company also introduced the prepaid plan in 2010. Said plan is available in select Texas area offering consumers with flexibility in their energy usage. The plan comes with a smart metering technology for easy monitoring.

Become a Consultant

If you want to earn extra income in addition to saving on energy cost, one way to do it is to become an Ambit Energy consultant. As a consultant, one can start a business by simply doing two things. One is to gather loyal customers and second is to help others do the same thing.

To become a consultant, there is a one-time fee of $ 429 that must be paid. Doing so allows the customer to join the company's network marketing compensation plan.

With Ambit Energy, there are no products to sell or inventories to worry about. The consultant only has to promote the services and gain loyal customers in order to take part in the company's financial reward promises.

The Compensation Plan

Helping consultants earn money with Ambit Energy are the added perks of:

  • Low rates
  • Rewards Program
  • Free Energy

There are also three ways for consultants to earn a compensation. As you invite more customers to try the brand's low cost services, you can receive residual income in the form of the following:

  1. Bonuses for new customer sign ups
  2. Bonuses when team members sign up new customers

Enjoy Free Energy

Ambit Energy further associates consultants and customers with its Free Energy program. Both consultants and customers can earn free energy by following four easy steps:

  1. Sign Up for the company's low cost services.
  2. Refer Friends to also sign up and save money. The goal is to refer 15 or more family or friends.
  3. Get Credit as you refer friends. For every person who signed up, you are entitled to credits that will reflect in your bill or sent via a check.
  4. Share the Wealth by encouraging referrals to also refer 15 or more friends to sign-up so they can enjoy the Free Energy bonus.

Additional Incentives

As only one of the many energy providers in the US, Ambit Energy included in its program additional incentives such as travel rewards to gain customer loyalty.

Every customer is eligible to earn and enjoy travel rewards. For every kilowatt hour usage, the customer is entitled to an equivalent one travel point. When you have accumulated sufficient points, you can choose from a number of travel packages.

One other way to enjoy the travel incentive is to refer five or more friends to sign up. You then get to a travel package that can be worth up to 45,000 points.

What Customers Say

Ambit Energy may be a reliably young network marketing business but it has enjoyed rapid growth over the years. It's only been around for about 9 years but it has already generated over $ 1 billion in revenues. Today, it is serving over 1 million customers in the US and more consultants are taking advantage of the business opportunity.

While the company is certainly doing well, customer feedback is one factor to also look into when investigating Ambit Energy. Complaints about customer representatives who misrepresent rewards are common. Questionable rate increases are always bought up as well as an allegedly poor billing system. In the end, there are a lot of happy customers but there are also those who are not satisfied.

Nothwithstanding the above concerns Ambit Energy appears to be a sound company with a successful track record.

Car Insurance for Low-Mileage Users

What you need to know about Car Insurance for Low Mileage

  • Insurance Companies may require your annual odometer reading verification
  • Insurance by the mile bills you monthly insurance payments based on your used mileage
  • It is possible also to receive car insurance discounts without asking from insurance companies that bundle up insurance policies with a specific insurer.
  • The discounts are awarded to loyal customers or accident-free and low mileage drivers over a period.
  • Drivers on an average 5,000 miles annual range may alert an insurance company so as to receive a low-mileage discount.

Do you own a car that barely leaves the garage on most days? Most insurance companies offer a conventional low-mileage discount to drivers who maintain annual mileage under a particular brink, such as 6,000 miles a year. In most states, the discount reduces the insurance rates on a full coverage policy by 2 percent. The premium savings are larger in California.

Insurance Companies may require your annual odometer reading verification. Some may ask you fill a form to counterk your estimate against readings taken from other sources. Others use agents to take a photo of the reading.

There are ways to get a low-mileage discount that will give you cheaper car insurance coverage.

1. Pay-as-you-Drive
Pay-as-you-drive vehicles such as In-Drive, install telematics gadgets to monitor your vehicle, offer larger discounts for less frequent drivers and careful drivers as well. Precautious drivers on low mileages can save up to 25 percent or more. Most of the pay-as-you-drive plans give a discount of 5% 10 upon enrollment, they later use collected data to award a discount at your renewal period. Attach a telematics gadget into the car's onboard port (OBDII) to get a discount. Almost all cars from 1996 onwards have an inbuilt OBDII port.

2. Pay per Mile Car Insurance
Insurance by the mile bills you monthly insurance payments based on your used mileage. This mode of payments saves you an estimated 45% in savings for careful drivers doing less than 5,000 miles a year. The device tracks the distance traveled, which is used to set your mileage rates.

This way, you are guaranteed low mileage on types of car insurance under each plan; instead of cutting coverage to save money, it limits the risk faced by insurance companies when you hit the road.

Customers are charged a standard monthly rate based on individual rating factors: age, driving record, location, type of car, credit and insurance history in some states. Every month, the driver pays the flat rate plus a mile fee charged on the miles recorded through the mileage device.

How to Qualify for Low Mileage Car Insurance Discount
It is easy to be eligible for many auto insurance discounts, and many insurance companies offer these discounts, but you have to ask. A Princeton Survey study found that 16% of motorists have car insurance standard discounts.

It is possible also to receive automatic car insurance discounts from insurance companies that bundle up insurance coverage with a specific insurer. The discounts are awarded to loyal customers or accident-free and low mileage drivers over a given period.

However, you may request for discounts such as:

  • a short travel discount or no commute
  • Paying your coverage renewal check in advance
  • Having an academic degree / s
  • Police officers or teachers

Common Low Mileage Discounts
Many people are not aware of car insurance discounts such as Low-Mileage premium discount: This is for individuals who reduced their driving mileage by either working from home or park their vehicles because they no longer need to drive. A mileage research from Quadrant Services found that driving an average 6,000 miles annually, pays nearly 7.5% less than driving 16,000 miles annually. 16,000 miles is, in fact, more than regular Americans drive annually, based on the US Department of Transportation.

Huge Mileage Savings in Selected States
The disparity on low mileage drivers is larger in selected states, California tops the list.

The top five states where drivers save under 5,000 miles already are:

  • California – 17%
  • Washington DC – 11.1%
  • Alaska 11%
  • Alabama- 10%
  • Hawaii – 10%

However, some states have little or no effect on insurance coverage rates on reduced mileage. The states where little driving distance severely moves a dime include:

  • North Carolina -0
  • Utah -1%
  • Texas -3%
  • Connecticut – 3%
  • Rhode Island-3%

Vice president of , Loretta Worters, says insurance companies hike premiums for high mileage drivers because they are a risk. High mileage drivers are more likely to cause accidents than the low mileage drivers. California, for example, has insurers charging higher premiums because the State has many drivers on the road.

The role of insurance state laws passed in 1988 limits the factors California motor insurers use when determining rates for the following:

  • Mileage driven
  • Safety driving record
  • Driving experience

Insurers can set minimum rates based on these three main factors. This law magnifies the impact of driving mileage.

Insurance expert / consultant – Douglas Heller says asking for higher premium rates from high mileage drivers is fair to charge insurance policy holders. He adds on that basing rates on mileage is far better than another criterion like an education level and income.

Does Ignoring Driving Mileage Pay?
At the extreme, experts do not understand precisely why North Carolina insurers and other selected states practice improper sentences when rating auto policies.

North Carolina insurance commissioner , Wayne Goodwin says a hike in mileage does not amplify the level of risk on the road. He, however, says the state's different pricing is a key factor to prevent insurers in the state from hiking premiums on mileage.

In some states, such as North Carolina, insurers independently apply for premium rates with the state's insurance bureau -insurers file rates with the local State Rate Bureau. The State Bureau proposes one base rate for all its insurance companies in NC. Goodwin's office reviews the requested rates and attaches a cap indicating the exact figure insurers should charge consumers.

The bureau chief says that Mileage driving is a price factor. However, it does not have any significant effect. The local government has maintained low motor insurance rates in NC State, which is ranked one of the lowest insurance premium costs in America; according to figures from NAIC.

How to Reduce Motor Insurance Mileage Rates
For drivers on an average 6,000 miles annual range, they may alert an insurance company so as to acquire a mileage discount. But, several lower mileage drivers miss the available discounts due to nondisclosure. On the contrary, not everyone reduces their mileage so as to save on insurance costs.

Additional Ways to Decrease High-mileage Usage

  • Increase your deductible
  • Shop for price quotes in multiple insurance companies
  • Avoid highway speeding tickets and other road violations

Car drivers may attempt to forge miles on the speedometer to avoid higher insurance coverage rates. This is unethical, and a policyholder can lose out on the insurance and get black listed too. Lying to the insurer is an illegal act, its insurance fraud. The best way to earn a discount on mileage is to buy a car that has done average mileage and the driver should ensure that they maintain their speed levels at all times.

The Stages of Change Model

The transtheoretical model of change, also known as the stages of change model is a well established and useful way of considering different people's level of motivation to change their behavior.

The stages of change model was developed by James Prochaska and Carlo DiClemente from the University of Rhode Island in 1977.

Understanding your situation to change by being familiar with the stages of change can help you choose tools that are right for you. The stages of change model shows that a change generally does not happen all at once, it is a process that begins with awareness about a wrong behavior and continues to eliminate old behavior and being replaced by new behavior.

There are six parts to the stages of change:

Pre-contemplation stage:
In this stage people do not know that substance use is a problem. They are in denial and ignorance.

Contemplation stage:
During the contemplation stage people become awareness that substance use is cause of their problems, but they are ambivalent about change, because they see change as giving up an enjoyed behavior. In this stage individual like change, but they fear.

Preparation stage:
In this stage people know that their wrong behavior not only is cause of many of their problems, but also it is in conflict with their values, so they begin to experiment with making small changes and beginning collecting information about change and recovery.

Action stage:
People in this stage take direct action toward achieving a goal. Individuals modify their behavior, experiences or environment for changing wrong behavior and overcoming their problems.

Maintenance stage:
In this stage people begin firming new behavior, so the possibility of relapse is always present. The relapse is not as a failure to change behavior but as an opportunity to learn from unsuccessful endeavors and thus increase the chances of success in the future. Relapsing is like falling off a horse-It's not about how you fall off, but how you get back on track.

Termination stage:
The ultimate goal in the change process is termination. At this stage, people no longer find that alcohol or drug presents a temptation or threat; they have complete confidence that he can accept without fear of relapse.

Five Steps to Avoid Drug Charges at a Music Concert

Concerts can be a lot of fun. A chance to see a band like Phish or Widespread Panic or any number of other bands that come through Raleigh, North Carolina. Good music, good friends.

But concerts can also lead to legal problems. Police – particularly drug and narcotics police and alcohol enforcement agents – know that concerts can involve drug use – marijuana, MDMA or ecstasy, LSD, and even harder drugs such as heroin or cocaine.

And since concerts happen in the same locations in Raleigh month after month, and year after year, police know which hotels concert-goers sometimes use when traveling to see a band. They also know the tricks of the trade. Sometimes police are undercover, posing as drug buyers or as concert goers. Other times they are in uniform, checking out the parking lots of hotels and motels.

A criminal charge or drug charge can ruin not only the concert, but can ruin your future, especially if the drug charge is not handled professionally by a competent Raleigh criminal lawyer. Because North Carolina has harsh drug laws, relatively small amounts of drugs that in other states may not be handled harshly, can result in drug trafficking charges. And drug trafficking in North Carolina carries with it mandatory minimums requiring prison time, if a successful resolution cannot be worked out.

Here are some tips for dealing with police who may be trying to search or investigate or arrest you for a drug or alcohol crime.

First, obviously, you shouldn’t have any illegal contraband. However, if you have or may have illegal contraband – drugs, drug paraphernalia, etc. – on your person, in your car, in your hotel room, or in your luggage or backpack, you should never consent to a search.

If a police officer asks you for permission to search anything – including your car, your room, your person, your coat, your bags, etc. – you should politely and respectfully tell the police officer that you do not consent to a search.

If the officer says he’s going to search anyway, then don’t resist. In fact, never resist an officer, since that will only lead to new, additional charges. However, you should repeat to the officer – hopefully with witnesses around – that you do not agree to the search.

Second, if the police decide to arrest you, do not resist. Comply with all instructions.

Third, you should not say anything at all until you have a lawyer at any point. Police are under no obligation to read you your rights unless they want to ask you questions while you are in custody. It’s up to you to know your rights, and exercise them. Don’t be rude about it. Simply politely say that you would like an attorney. And if the police continue to ask questions, repeat: “I’d like a lawyer please.” Even if you say you want a lawyer, but later say something to police outside of the presence of a lawyer, whatever you say could possibly be used against you. So keep your mouth shut.

Fourth, do not waive your Miranda Rights. If police do ask you to waive your rights because “this will really help your case” or “you want to leave here tonight, don’t you,” politely refuse to waive your rights. There will be plenty of time to talk to police or prosecutors in the future if you want to. At this moment, you want to protect yourself from additional criminal charges. Even if your friends are singing like canaries, you should keep your mouth shut.

Fifth, hire a lawyer. If you’re facing a serious drug charge and your bond has been set high by a magistrate, it may be possible for you to hire a lawyer to lower your bond and to represent you so that your parents do not spend a huge amount of money on a bond that would’ve been eventually lowered.

You may be able to save thousands of dollars if you hire a lawyer quickly to help you lower the bond, and to also represent you on the matter.

If you’ve been released on a low bond, then you should contact a lawyer immediately. If you live out of state and have come to Raleigh for the concert, you can hire a lawyer who may be able to handle most (or sometimes all) of the case without you having to return to North Carolina.

Alexis De Tocqueville

French sociologist as well as political theorist Alexis de Tocqueville (1805 1859) traveled to the United States in 1831 to learn its prisons and returned with a wealth of leaders observations that he codified in "Democracy in America" ​​(1835), probably the most important publications of the 19th century. With its trenchant observations on individualism and equality, Tocqueville's work is still an invaluable reason of America to Europeans and of Americans to themselves.

Alexis de Tocqueville was born in 1805 into an aristocratic family members not too long ago rocked by France's groundbreaking upheavals. Both of his parents had been jailed during the Reign of Terror. After attending university in Metz, Tocqueville learned law in Paris and was appointed a magistrate in Versailles, exactly where he met the future wife of his and befriended a lawyer lawyer called Gustave de Beaumont.

In 1830 Louis Philippe, the "bourgeois monarch," got the French throne, as well as Tocqueville's career aspirations were temporarily blocked. Not able to advance, he and permission was secured by Beaumont to hold out a research of the American penal system, as well as in April 1831 they set sail for Rhode Island.

From Sing Sing Prison to the Michigan woods, from New Orleans to the White House, Beaumont and Tocqueville traveled for 9 months by steamboat, by stagecoach, on horseback as well as in canoes, traveling to America's penitentiaries and a great deal in between. In Pennsylvania, Tocqueville invested a week selecting each prisoner in the Eastern State Penitentiary. In Washington, DC, he called on President Andrew Jackson during visiting hours and exchanged pleasantries.

The travelers returned to France in 1832. They quickly released the report of their heads, "On the Penitentiary System in the United States as well as The Application of it in France," written mostly by Beaumont. Tocqueville set to focus on a broader evaluation of American society and politics, released in 1835 as "Democracy in America."

As "Democracy in America" ​​disclosed, Tocqueville thought that equality was the wonderful political and social thought of the era of his, and he believed that the United States provided the most complex instance of equality in motion. American individualism was accredited by him but warned that a society of people can become become atomized and paradoxically consistent when "every citizen, simply being digested to each of the rest, is actually lost in the crowd." He sensed that a society of people lacking the intermediate community structures – such as for instance those provided by standard hierarchies – to mediiate associations with the express. The effect may be a democratic "tyranny of the majority" where specific rights had been compromised.

Tocqueville was impressed by a lot of what he noticed in American way of life, admiring the balance of its economy and asking yourself at the acceptance of its churches. Also, he observed the irony of the freedom loving nation's mistreatment of Native Americans and its empire of slavery.

In 1839, as the next volume of "Democracy in America" ​​near publication, Tocqueville reentered political life, serving as a representative in the French assembly. After the Europe wide revolutions of 1848, he served briefly as Louis Napoleon's foreign minister before being forced out of politics once again when he refused to help Louis Napoleon's coup.

He retired to the family estate of his in Normandy and started creating a history of contemporary France, the very first volume of that was printed as "The Old Regime as well as the French Revolution" (1856). He blamed the French Revolution on crisis among the nobility as well as on the political disillusionment of the French public. Tocqueville's plans for later on volumes had been cut short by the death of his from tuberculosis in 1859.

Car Accidents Happen (Part 1) – What to Do When They Happen to You

Car accidents are unpleasant, but happen every day. This is Part 1 of a 3-Part Series, and will inform you of the steps you need to take immediately after a car accident occurs. Part 2 will address what to do after you leave the scene of an accident, focusing largely on receiving medical care. Finally, Part 3 will address reasons not to talk to the other driver's insurance company.

The North Carolina DMV has an accident guide on their website about what to do if you are in an accident. Some of these suggestions include:
– Not leaving after an accident
– Removing vehicles from the road when possible
– Assist anyone who is injured
– Exchanging information with others involved in the accident
– Name, Address, Drivers' License Number, Vehicle Registration Number, and Insurance Provider

Other Things You Should Do
Get Contact Information for Witnesses
One of the most important things to do after an accident occurs is the get the contact information for any witnesses who may have seen what happened. Especially in cases where the credibility of the parties is a major issue (such as intersection accidents), having a witness you can contact can make your case stronger. However, you should never rely on the investigating officer to gather this information – many witnesses leave before the officer even arrives. In some cases, the insurance company may change their denial of a claim to an acceptance to pay out if you produce the contact information of a witness.

Make a Police Report
The law in North Carolina requires individuals involved in accidents to make police reports if there are any injuries, fatalities, or if the property damage exceeds $ 1000. Not filing a police report could result in a suspended license. When you make a police report, be helpful and provide as much information about the facts of the accident. You can obtain a copy of your accident report by filling out a crash report form. It is important to limit your opinions about the accident since those opinions could have been used against you later. Always remember, you can talk to a lawyer before making a statement about an accident.

File a Report with your Insurance Carrier
You should also make a report to your insurance carrier about any accident you are in. While you are still at the sight of an accident, remember to take pictures of the scene, and also take pictures of any injuries you may have suffered. This will not only help with providing your insurance carrier as much relevant information as possible, but it will also allow you to preserve important evidence should you decide to take legal action.